The Black Poor of London

150 years before Marcus Garveys plan for people of African ancestry in the diaspora to return to Africa, there were a group of Blacks based in London who managed to do just that.

In the 18th century, The Black Poor were a group of people living in London, who for different reasons, were unable find work or who simply couldn’t find it. They generally lived around Covent Garden, the East End and Marlybone, and Eliabeth I on more than one occasion referred to the ‘great numbers of negars and blackamoors’ she wanted to be deported. God save the Queen. The funny thing is, they actually weren’t all Black. Originally, the Committee for the Relief of the Black Poor was set up for Lascars (Indian sailors) who were sometimes abandoned in England by the East India Company. In 1786, The Committee found that there were about 250 Black and Indian people who needed help and some of the most prominent figures of London’s financial elite began to plan. Ironically, these abolitionists and members such as Thomas Boddington and John Angerstein, while raising money for aid, were themselves slave owners and benefited from the slave trade.

Whether it was in an effort to remove Blacks and Indians from London, or a purely altruistic endeavour, on 9th April 1787, 3 ships left Portsmouth bound for Sierra Leone. Even Olaudah Equiano was employed to help arrange supplies for the long journey. They arrived on May 5th and their descendents are called the Krio, and make up approximately 4% of Sierra Leone’s population.


Anton Wilhelm Amo

Brotha+Anton+Wilhelm+Amo+18th+Century+Renaissance+ManAnton Wilhelm Amo (c. 1703 – c. 1759)

On this date (Oct 3rd) in 1990, East and West Germany unified to form the country we know today. Although there is an obvious negative history of Germany, it is an amazing country; from the footballing annihilation of Brazil, Franzbrötchen, The Black Forest and internationally known efficiency, it also was home to one arguably the first African to attend a European University.

He was born in modern day Ghana and ‘given’ to the Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Fortunatly, he was treated as part of the Dukes family, and attended Law school at the University of Halle in 1727. He gained his doctorate in philosophy in 1734 studying metaphysics, astrology, law and medicine to name a few subjects. After lecturing in Halle, he was made a professor in 1736 in addition to writing papers on Empiricism similar to philosophers like John Locke. Just to put things into context, he acheived all of this 40 years before America declared Independence in 1776. He also mastered 6 languages including French, Greek and Latin.


Here is some more information about Amo:

His story resembles that of Abram Petrovich Gannibal (c. 1696 – 14 May 1781), who was taken from east Africa (perhaps modern day Eritrea) and became a major general, military engineer and nobleman of the Russian Empire.

Donald Sterling was finally racist enough


As we all have heard, seen and read by now, LA Clippers owner Donald Sterling was caught making comments about Black people in a conversation with his mistress. The fallout of which first resulted in the team staging a non-logo-black-armband-wearing protest before a loss to Golden State, and peaked with the Commissioner Adam Silver banning Sterling from the NBA for life and fining him $2.5 million. Silver also said that he will try to force Donald Sterling to sell the LA Clippers, with people like Magic Johnson, Floyd Mayweather and David Geffen.

There are so many talking points that this scandal has raised. Will he be forced to sell? Clearly Sterling deserves the sanctions imposed upon him and many will be hoping that the sale of the Clippers happens as soon as possible. Whether or not he will be forced to sell is another talking point. If the other NBA owners decide to vote against Sterling having to sell, then he won’t have to, which in turn will raise further questions. The fact that this conversation was private but was leaked to the press is another topic. Should he be sanctioned for the views he expressed in private? Should the players boycott the team even though they have a legitimate chance to win the title this season? What I want to focus on is the fact that maybe things shouldn’t have gotten this far in the first place.

When it comes to racism, there seems to be a grey area and a line. Is it racist when a comedian like Chris Rock makes jokes about White people? Racist when Russell Peters makes jokes about Asian people? Were we little racists growing up in school singing ‘Baa Baa Black Sheep’? Is it racist that the only current black or mixed manager in the English Football League is caretaker manager/player Ryan Giggs? Is it racist when asked if Black people can get sunburnt? “You are Asian but you don’t wear a turban?”. Should Snoop Dogg have said what he said in response?

Donald Sterlings indiscretions started back in 2009 when he had to pay a settlement of over $2.7 million as he was accused of housing discrimination – not allowing Black and Hispanic people to rent out apartments he owned. Prior to that, in 2003, it is alleged that he tried to force out non-Koreans out of apartments he owned in Koreatown, LA. He had bought the then San Diego Clippers in 1981 but no-one had said anything. Neither the NBA nor players made any real protest about a man who had also been alleged to have made unsavory comments about Black people before the weekend. Great, the NBA, players, journalists and fans have reacted now, but what about back then? Does it really take hard evidence like a taped phone call for action to be taken?

Evidently it does. Maybe the NBA didn’t react because the housing scandal has nothing to do with basketball. Maybe the average fan turned a blind eye because they weren’t being forced out of their homes. Maybe the players said nothing because he was still signing their checks. There were no maybe about what Sterling said. I can own them, smile and like them professionally, but personally I don’t even want my girl on the side to be associated with them. It’s about the money. Btw this girl is mixed Black and Mexican. Go figure…
And then there is the Washington Redskins and Daniel Snyder. Many people feel as though the name Redskins is racist. Snyder continues to deny it is and the likelihood of the name being changed is very slim. Why? Why not change it? Because it’s going to cost millions. However, I’m sure if TMZ got hold of a recording of Snyder saying something negative about Native Americans, swift action would be taken. Fans and players are not boycotting the team because of this. There may be some action outside of the franchise, but inside they are preparing for the draft and skirting around the issue with some players referring to the team as “the Skins” to express passive displeasure.
Maybe its worth considering how being passive is ultimately rewarded. The peaceful protest leaders such as Ghandi and Martin Luther King Jr have been praised while those who feel as though they need to be active are extremists. Malcolm X. Patrice Lumumba. It seems as though no-one wants to stand up like Muhammed Ali in 1967 and refuse to be a part of something they deem illegitimate.

Maybe we need to take a long look at what is happening around us and stop racist behaviours before they are allowed to go unchecked and understated. The NBA should have said something before. When Sterling was denying housing to minorities in 2009, the NBA was 82% black. The majority could have spoken but didn’t. The power ultimately rests with the fans. The majority. When the majority is united, then things can happen. Of course there were people clambering for Sterlings head back in 2003 and 2009 but they were in the minority. Maybe now when Blacks, Hispanics, Asians or even Whites; whenever a minority complains about institutional racism and we can’t see it, it’s up to us to listen. Institutionalised racism is a real thing guys. Burning crosses and Swastikas have been replaced by suits and smiles.

Racism still alive they just be concealing it – Kayne West